What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is when your blood glucose (commonly known as blood sugar) level is too high. Glucose is a substance
that comes from what you eat. It is also produced in your liver and muscles. Your cells receive glucose from
your blood. In order for your body to have energy, you must have glucose in your system. However, you can't
have too much glucose because it's not good for you.
A hormone called insulin is produces from your pancreas. After the insulin is produced, the pancreas let it go
into your blood. Insulin complements the glucose by helping it travel to your cells. This is done when you eat
food. However, if insulin that is produced isn't adequate, the glucose can't get to your cells and it stays in
your blood. This results in a high glucose level, causing diabetes to set in.
There is also a condition called pre-diabetes. Pre-diabetes occurs when your blood glucose levels are high but
not quite high enough to be diagnosed with full-blown diabetes. With pre-diabetes, you can be at risk for a
heart attack or a stroke. With pre-diabetes, you can lessen the risk of you getting diabetes. Losing weight and
exercising are some things you can do to combat this.
How do you know whether or not you may have diabetes? Well, here are some of the symptoms:
Going to the bathroom more than usual
Feeling very fatigued
Losing weight without any effort on your part
Dry and itchy skin
No feeling or a tingling sensation in your feet
Slow healing sores
You may have experienced some of these symptoms at one time or another prior to begin diagnosed. For a definite
diagnosis, consult with your physician.
Types Of Diabetes
There are two main types of diabetes that a person can be afflicted with:
Type 1 Diabetes - this type of diabetes used to be known as juvenile diabetes of
insulin-dependent diabetes. This is because usually diabetes is first detected in children, teens or young
adults. With Type 1 diabetes, the pancreas' beta cells stop producing insulin. This is because your immune
system has gotten rid of them.
People with Type 1 Diabetes take insulin, eat healthy food choices, exercise, take aspirin and control their
blood pressure and keep their cholesterol level down. If you're diagnosed with Type 1 Diabetes, you will be
required to take insulin. When you take insulin, it helps the food that you consume turn into energy for your
Type 2 Diabetes - this type of diabetes used to be known as adult-onset diabetes or
noninsulin-dependent diabetes. This is the most common form of diabetes. Type 2 Diabetes can develop at any
time and affect any age. It starts off with insulin resistance. Insulin resistance, which is when your fat,
muscle and liver cells don't properly use insulin.
While the pancreas helps to produce more insulin in the beginning, it doesn't last and eventually fails to
continue producing insulin. If you're overweight and not regularly active, this increases your chances of
getting diabetes. People with Type 2 Diabetes use diabetic medicines, eating healthy foods, exercise, take
aspirin and control their blood pressure and keep their cholesterol level down.
With Type 2 Diabetes, it's not necessary to take insulin, unless the situation warrants it. Normally, eating
healthy and losing weight will be all you need to control this type of diabetes. Or if that doesn't work, you
may have to take diabetes pills to get your blood glucose level lower. Hopefully, if people take care of
themselves, there won't be a need for insulin treatment.