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What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is when your blood glucose (commonly known as blood sugar) level is too high. Glucose is a substance that comes from what you eat. It is also produced in your liver and muscles. Your cells receive glucose from your blood. In order for your body to have energy, you must have glucose in your system. However, you can't have too much glucose because it's not good for you.
A hormone called insulin is produces from your pancreas. After the insulin is produced, the pancreas let it go into your blood. Insulin complements the glucose by helping it travel to your cells. This is done when you eat food. However, if insulin that is produced isn't adequate, the glucose can't get to your cells and it stays in your blood. This results in a high glucose level, causing diabetes to set in.
There is also a condition called pre-diabetes. Pre-diabetes occurs when your blood glucose levels are high but not quite high enough to be diagnosed with full-blown diabetes. With pre-diabetes, you can be at risk for a heart attack or a stroke. With pre-diabetes, you can lessen the risk of you getting diabetes. Losing weight and exercising are some things you can do to combat this.
How do you know whether or not you may have diabetes? Well, here are some of the symptoms:
  • Going to the bathroom more than usual
  • Feeling very fatigued
  • Losing weight without any effort on your part
  • Dry and itchy skin
  • Frequently thirsty
  • Blurred eyesight
  • No feeling or a tingling sensation in your feet
  • Slow healing sores
You may have experienced some of these symptoms at one time or another prior to begin diagnosed. For a definite diagnosis, consult with your physician.
Types Of Diabetes
There are two main types of diabetes that a person can be afflicted with:
Type 1 Diabetes - this type of diabetes used to be known as juvenile diabetes of insulin-dependent diabetes. This is because usually diabetes is first detected in children, teens or young adults. With Type 1 diabetes, the pancreas' beta cells stop producing insulin. This is because your immune system has gotten rid of them.
People with Type 1 Diabetes take insulin, eat healthy food choices, exercise, take aspirin and control their blood pressure and keep their cholesterol level down. If you're diagnosed with Type 1 Diabetes, you will be required to take insulin. When you take insulin, it helps the food that you consume turn into energy for your body.
Type 2 Diabetes - this type of diabetes used to be known as adult-onset diabetes or noninsulin-dependent diabetes. This is the most common form of diabetes. Type 2 Diabetes can develop at any time and affect any age. It starts off with insulin resistance. Insulin resistance, which is when your fat, muscle and liver cells don't properly use insulin.
While the pancreas helps to produce more insulin in the beginning, it doesn't last and eventually fails to continue producing insulin. If you're overweight and not regularly active, this increases your chances of getting diabetes. People with Type 2 Diabetes use diabetic medicines, eating healthy foods, exercise, take aspirin and control their blood pressure and keep their cholesterol level down.
With Type 2 Diabetes, it's not necessary to take insulin, unless the situation warrants it. Normally, eating healthy and losing weight will be all you need to control this type of diabetes. Or if that doesn't work, you may have to take diabetes pills to get your blood glucose level lower. Hopefully, if people take care of themselves, there won't be a need for insulin treatment.